to determine when people first began to keep a cat at
home. The most common is the view that this animal was
domesticated about six thousand years ago, when people
gradually began to develop, apart from hunting and gathering,
herding and farming. In tribes that inhabited the Middle
East, the need to preserve the harvest until next year.
For this purpose, a man appeared facilities for the
storage of grain and other products that had to be protected
from rodents, flooding villages and caused great damage
to human economy. It is best to cope with this responsibility,
of course, wild cat, considerably reduce the number
of mice and rats.
According to scientists, the North African-Asiatic steppe
cat has become a common ancestor of all currently known
species of domestic cats. It is believed that the animal
is domesticated inhabitants of ancient Egypt about four
thousand years ago.
Later this man's attitude toward self and not manageable
animal was different. Living in Ancient Egypt cats were
read as a relic after 2000 BC. Oe. stocks of grain in
storage pharaoh suffered greatly from the invasion of
rodents who were divorced in such large numbers that
belong to Pharaoh the cat could not cope with their
destruction. Harvest is under threat, so Pharaoh gathered
his people and cats placed in the granary.
The priests of ancient Egypt cats declared sacred, and
since mere mortals were not allowed to touch the kopshshm,
avladet they could only Pharaoh.
Thus, the cat became the subject of Egyptian
worship. This is reflected in the fact that these animals
immortalized in sculptures and paintings, and offered
up his honor as a deity. For harm caused by a cat, should
severe punishment, and killing animals punishable by
death. As the dead cat owner supposed to mourn for a
few days and shave off his eyebrows as a sign of great
sadness. Mummified body of the dead animal after a difficult
and solemn funeral ceremony to be buried in a special
cat cemetery. This is confirmed by archaeological evidence:
in 1890 during excavations of the ancient city Bubas-yew,
near the temple of the goddess Bast, the researchers
found more than 300 well-preserved mummies of cats.
Egypt, CATS USE almost the same honor and respect, AS
Bast was considered in ancient Egypt, the goddess
of fertility, and patroness of love. However, its function
is not limited, as most of the gods in various mythologies.
She served as a symbol of the sun and moon, patron spirits
of the dead who are in another world, and was responsible
for the fertility of animals and humans. The people
prayed to her to cure many diseases. She was the head
of the cat and the mysterious cat-like eyes.
Also known case in which the generals have used in the
conduct of cats
battles with the Egyptians. Knowing how the people of
Egypt honor their sacred
animals, the Persian king had ordered to tie Kambisse
live cats on the shields of his soldiers. It was cruel
to animals, but the population of the country to give
up without a fight, not to harm cats.
The spread of the domestic cat from Africa around the
world have contributed to a lot of sailors, who also
sought to protect food supplies from rats and cats were
taken to the ships to travel. Because the domestic cat
penetrated into different parts of the world. In Europe,
she appeared at the turn of our era through the efforts
of the Greek merchants and travelers who have visited
Egypt, and drew attention to the cats. Remove these
animals outside Egypt was prohibited, so that, according
to legend, the Greeks stole several pairs of cats. Soon
the animals have multiplied and have become very popular
in Greece. They successfully replaced the semi-weasels
and ferrets, previously used for pest control - pest
The villagers appreciated the benefits that brought
the cat, and tried to tame them. Gradually the cat used
to live next to a man and still maintain the inherent
independence of these animals.
From Ancient Greece cat got into other countries
in Europe, where he also began to enjoy well-deserved
honor, as were not only excellent hunters, and devoted
friends of man. In addition, the Greeks very much appreciated
the beauty in everything, and the cat - a beautiful
and graceful animal.
About the cats mentioned in the scientific treatises
of ancient scientists and philosophers. For example,
the famous Roman historian Pliny the Elder was first
described by anatomical and physiological features of
a cat in his book, "Natural History".
In Europe, it first considered the guardian of the hearth
and embodied freedom and independence. While Europeans,
in contrast to the ancient Egyptians did not think the
cat sacred animal, but treated her with great respect.
Then the cat began to perceive differently, because
it obscurantists associated with witchcraft and the
devil, and destroyed the most brutal ways, allegedly
destroying their satanic force. Cats were considered
black accomplices of Satan, the rumor attributed to
them the quality of things that are dangerous to humans.
This happened with the encouragement of priests. After
some time in Europe - skih cities spread rat - vectors
terrible disease, bubonic plague, which killed more
than half the European population. In such circumstances,
the cat regained popularity. Even the Church has changed
its attitude towards these animals, which also contributed
to the return of the general location of the cats.
But even in times of universal obsession and religious
fanaticism were enlightened men, who retained the ability
to think rationally. Some monasteries have continued
to breed cats to catch rodents, they are, still harmed
people's food supplies. Perhaps because of this cat
were not completely destroyed, when their numbers in
Europe was strongly reduced.
A cat can be called truly mystical animals, as connected
with it a lot of signs, which are prevalent to this
day, and the interpretation of these often take the
opposite in different countries. One of them - that
a cat washes the rain, if during this process concerns
paw ear. This is explained by the fact that animals
are sensitive to the slightest changes in weather.
In the East, these animals are highly revered.
They were gradually colonized countries of Asia, when
the active development of trade between Europe and Asia.
There is a version of a rather original way, how the
cat first came to the East: it was exchanged for a length
of silk fabric.
Attitude to this animal in the East rather peculiar
way: a typical Eastern mysticism and Western aesthetic
worship instead of a practical view of things. On the
one hand, the cat still guards against rats and mice
and harvest the precious silk cocoons and silk trade
is an important part of the economies of Japan and China.
In addition, cats have another function - to serve as
a kind of talisman, which invariably brings peace, prosperity
and family happiness. So in the East appreciated the
charm of these animals. At the same time people are
convinced that with age, mystical quality of the living
mascot worse: the older the cat, the more happiness
it brings to its owners.
Every Chinese would have a small ceramic statue of a
cat that is not only decorated the house, and drove
its inhabitants from evil spirits. It was believed that
the presence of these animals contributed to the meditation.
Still, the cat does not become a sacred animal in Asia.
If you believe one of the legends, the reason for that
was the cat's behavior during the funeral ceremony of
Buddha. The cat did not show proper respect for the
dead and prefer undisturbed sleep.
Almost simultaneously, these animals have appeared in
India and soon became the symbol of family happiness.
Appearance of the cat goddess of motherhood was given
Sasht, which was revered as the guardian of the hearth.
Residents of India believed that every believer must
keep at home or at least feed the cat.
In the Middle Ages, cats were brought from China to
Japan. The people of this country have expressed to
them the tender care and affection. According to historical
documents, the first habitat for these fascinating animals
has become an imperial palace in Kyoto. There's a cat
appeared in 999
In Russia, these animals have long been used by love.
They came here from Southern countries. Contributed
to this, as in most cases, the aggressive campaign and
a lively trade relations with those states where domestic
cats were no longer a rarity.
As elsewhere, in Russia this animal was considered the
embodiment of peace, comfort and well-being in the home
and family, the patron of their owners, protecting them
from adversity and the machinations of evil forces.
times in the RUSI People think that cats AVAILABLE penetrate
the underworld and communicate with spirits
The love of these animals was expressed in a
national creative stve. Of clay craftsmen fashioned
toys and whistles in the shape of cats, decorated them
with painted and covered with gold leaf. Preserved many
cheap popular images depicting cats.
In fairy tales, these characters are also very common,
and they are endowed with a variety of human qualities
and coping well with dangers and problems.
Thus, the people expressed their dreams of lucky people
who have successfully overcome all the trials and receive
Since the second half of XIX century. in cats noticed
breeders. It was then by a positive mating were bred
many famous breeds of domestic cats that are very popular
to this day.
In our time science Felinological actively developed,
so that cat lovers can look forward to the emergence
of new breeds of animals.
material books O.A. Puhovoy, "British Shorthair