According to legend,
British cat was brought to England by the Roman Britain
invaders more than 2 millennia ago. The ancestors
of the cats roamed the the streets of British cities.
For a long time, these animals existed as a simple
domestic cats as breeders did not set a goal to bring
native British breed.
Thus, in the late XIX century. initiated the formation
of the modern type British Shorthair, as in the registration
books of the English Club cat lovers was made a corresponding
entry, dated 1898 Breeding of the best-known instances
of British interest English breeder Garrisson Weir,
founder of the movement of fans cats. He himself was
an admirer of this breed, which he wrote: "Normal
yard cat, able to survive in the toughest circumstances.
The fact that it exists - the best proof of the strength
and endurance of nature".
In 1870, Weir offered to arrange the exhibition of
cats of different breeds, colors, that owners can
compare their pets with other individuals of the same
breed. In addition, many visitors could admire the
beauty of exhibitions top cats of the genus.
Weir met with his friend Wilkinson, who was the managing
Crystal Palace. He liked the idea. Floor Plan developed
for just a few days, the prizes were established,
prices, and Terry Cree-evaluation of the various color,
body type, size and gender.
In 1871 at the Crystal Palace hosted the first cat
show. One of the judges it was Jung who also shared
the admiration of the British Weir shorthair cats.
The first exhibition took place on the 14-year-old
British Shorthair cat color blue tabby, the only representative
of a certain breed. The other cats were exposed as
a long-haired or short-haired and differed in color.
It should be noted that the breed was originally called
the "British Blue", as cats were bred only a blue
color. Over the years, there were British cats and
By the beginning of the XX century. identified the
following classes of British cats: one color (black,
white, blue), tab.bi (brown, red, silver), smoke tabby,
mackerel tabby, smoke (black, blue, black and white,
white with black tabby with white , tortoiseshell,
and tortoiseshell and white).
Each color was extracted into a separate class that
is defined own standard. But common type is consistent
with contemporary standards: powerful compact body,
large head, large eyes, short and very dense hair
smooth texture with the same dense undercoat. The
dimensions of animals were much smaller than today:
cats weighing 4-5.5 kg, and cats - 3-4 kg. Exhibitions
at the Crystal Palace conducted annually until 1936
Strongest fire destroyed the building of the palace,
who was considered a miracle of engineering of art.
In the United States until 1968 to breed British Shorthair
cats have continued to refer only to those animals
whose wool was dyed blue. Only after one of the show
won a black cat, brought from UK cat lovers in America
have learned that the British are also other colors.
In the first cat
shows British Shorthair Cats a great success. They
were rewarded with many, medals and awards.
The First World War led to a decline in the movement
of cat lovers. After her the end of the interest was
revived, and breeders continue to work with British
shorthair cats. Breeders of purebred cats mated with
the necessary features, with the British, thus trying
to restore the breed.
In order to achieve a more rapid recovery of the type
of British shorthair cats, they were crossed with
long-haired Persians. Since Britons have been approved
by the rock, the resulting progeny from this cross
not registered as a British Shorthair. For this purpose
it was necessary presence in the pedigree of at least
three generations of Britons.
These difficulties, as well as the increase in popularity
of Persian and other new species led to a decrease
in the number of British Shorthair cats. To improve
the genetics of breeders began again to connect to
their breeding purebred short-haired cats and dogs
of breeds such as chartreuse and Russian blue. Such
interbreeding contributed to improving the health
of animals, but led to some deviations from the established
standard of the breed.
Again, had to resort to working with the descendants
of British and mating Persian cats, which, contrary
to expectations, the breeders are moved slowly and
was fraught with difficulties. Therefore, at a dilution
of British breeders often use cat Persian breed, selecting
animals with not too long hair and a pronounced kurno.sostyu
inherent to the Persians.
Such interbreeding contributed to the emergence of
a powerful body of cats, with more rounded shapes.
The main purpose of breeding was the achievement of
that line could be supported without the involvement
of cats other breeds.
Shorthaired domestic cats have long been exported
from the UK United States, but only in 1900 they began
to register as a British Shorthair. Color silver tabby
cats have played a major role in the development of
the breed American Shorthair.
Before the 1910
record of winning show was a British silver tabby
cat coat color named Jimmy, and the title of the cats
belonged to his sister, Laurel.
As a result, there are many who want to buy British
Shorthair cats of this particular color. Many animals
were evacuated to the United States, which also began
breeding work aimed at removing the cats clearly expressed
by the type and pure colors.
In 1930, the British Shorthair cat breed became interested
in American Keith Wilson. Through her work and the
assistance of experienced breeders Failed to save
the breed during the Second World War, although by
the end of the war vysokoporodistyh left very little
Until 1950 imported from the UK to the U.S. as the
animals were recorded domestic shorthair, and then
they were split into a separate breed, dubbed "the
British Blue." The first American association gave
the cat of this breed championship, was ASA.
By the 1970's. there was a set of massive short-haired
Britons, according to its appearance resembling Cartesian,
French blue cats or, as they are called chartreuse.
The breed has been bred in the Cartesian Monastery,
located near the French city of Chartres, in the XV-XVI
centuries. The ancestors of these animals were imported
from Africa returned to the Motherland members of
the monastic order. In addition, monahi.karteziantsy
famous by created liqueur called "Chartreuse." Translated
from the French Chartres means "blue." Also known
as a soft woolen cloth sero.golubogo color. This explains
the origin of the name of French blue cat - "Chartreuse"
In our time in the
UK is prohibited to cross the British shorthair cats
with Persians, but in many countries it is quite acceptable.
In addition, the U.S. allowed to cross with Shorthair,
Russian blue, chartreuse, and European Shorthair.
In these circumstances, there is a real threat to
the existence British Shorthair cats as a separate
breed. In order to prevent the transformation of Britain
in the European short-haired cats were decided to
standardize the breed in the form in which it was
formed to early 1980s.
In 1982, two short-haired breeds were separated from
each other and divided into British Shorthair, and
European korotkosherst.nuyu. Carthusian cat, as before,
have an independent status. What are the main differences
between the Cartesian and British shorthair cats?
The head is chartreuse in its form resembles inverted
trapezoid, the British head shape is nearly spherical.
They have small, rounded ears, a small incision, and
a chartreuse middle ear size, are quite high. In addition,
the Cartesian cat fur longer and darker in color than
books O.A. Puhovoy, "British Shorthair Cat"