present, various types of cats everywhere inhabit terrestrial
space, excluding only Antarctica and the Arctic. Unfortunately,
many species became extinct in our time. The reason
for this was the work of a man who not only has an irreversible
impact on the natural habitat of these animals but also
preys on them. For example, leopard fur is highly valued
throughout the world, which led to the disappearance
of this species.
The classification of the family cat on the principle
of genetic similarity of animals of various species.
Currently there are 8 genera, which included 36 different
species of cats.
Environmentalists are divided on the size of the animal
species and size of their prey, and insist that the
basis for classification must be put to a different
principle. For the classification are also important
dimensions of the cat habitat, objects and methods of
hunting. If in compiling classification follow this
principle, the cat can be divided into small and large.
Large cats. For large cats in this classification include
lions and tigers.
Features of the structure of the musculoskeletal system
allow big cats bystoro move.
It is known that all members of the cat family
a larger size have the same features. First, the outward
signs of this. Second, they are like life, for example
use the same method of obtaining food. Seen cases where
the tigers and lions are mated together, and genetic
differences were not reflected in the offspring.
It should be noted that between tigers and lions, there
are significant differences. They are completely different
habitat. Lions live in families (prides), consisting
of one leader, several females and pups of the set.
And for all the kittens looked after by the females.
When the young are growing up, the leader in order to
protect themselves from the competition, kicks from
the pride of all males.
Jaguar released a kind of color and loves to feast on
In the life of the pack has its own rather harsh
laws, for example, if the pack there is a new leader,
it occurs in cases where the former is too old and weak
and unable to resist the lions young and strong, it
kills all the cubs in the pride.
Unlike lions, tigers prefer to live alone, they look
for a couple solely on the breeding season. Tigers are
hunted and alone. Lions act differently, they never
hunt alone. The main earner in the food lion family
is female. Lions hunt groups, and captured animals is
a common prey. Unlike the Tigers, despite a good appetite,
lions can for a long time without food. Satiated lion
sleeps up to 20 hours a week does not go hunting.
Other members of the cat family also have their own
distinctive features. For example, a leopard never growls,
this is due to structural features of the vocal tract
of the animal (the bone located between the larynx and
the root of language, has no cartilage formation).
Many members of the cat family are hunted both small
and on large prey. These species can be attributed to
average cats. Of these the most famous cougar, bobcat,
cheetah. They are equally successfully get their food
and in small forest rodents, such as chipmunks, and
Small cats. This animals weighing up to 18kg.
They prey on small rodents and insects. Representatives
of this group of species usually do not eat their prey
as soon as caught, and brought her to his home or the
house owner, if it's a house cat.
LYNX IS A SMALL
Small cats, despite its size, not inferior in
tenacity major congeners. Sometimes they hunt for days
and compared with the major congeners little sleep.
This group includes animals such as the ocelot, lynx,
tiger cat, etc. It should be noted that each of them
has its own distinctive features.
Ocelot habitat are forests or rocky and marshy places
in South America and southern North America. Ocelot
prefers to hunt at night. His prey are small and large
mammals, and birds. Like all cats, ocelot excellent
climbs trees. Its main feature is the ability to swim
Ocelots are easy to train. It should be noted that in
captivity, his habits vary greatly, and in such circumstances
it is difficult to get an idea about the true nature
of the animal.
Lynx is a representative of small animals. Due to the
characteristic brushes on the ears and short tail, the
animal is very easy to recognize. Lynx inhabit the steppes,
forests and deserts. There are several varieties of
lynx: marsh, prairie, arctic, common.
Lynx has a common beauty and strength. It is dangerous
for many mammals. Prey of this cat are usually deer
and elk. She is an excellent climbs trees and usually
hunts prey, hiding in one of the lower branches. Trot
for a long time waiting for prey, and when the victim
appears, throws down at her and bites her neck. Often
such an attack has ended for lynx failed, and a wounded
Lynx because of such qualities as greed inherent to
many predators, produces much more than necessary for
saturation. In such cases, the animal simply drops its
When trotting frequent attacks are a threat to livestock,
and people to protect themselves from it, go hunting.
However, this is not a safe occupation. The wounded
lynx is very aggressive and can jump to humans. However,
because animal fur dearly prized hunting, this wild
cat is very popular.
For a long time friendship with a man to the cat had
both love and hate. It was and is a deity and the devil
incarnate. However, she was able to overcome all difficulties
and still happy owners with their presence.
There is also a system of classification of cats
on leave, and most scientists adhere to it. What follows
is a detailed examination of this type of classification:
genus Lynx (lynx, bobcat, Asian marbled cat);
kind of cougar (puma, cheetah);
race Panthers (jaguar, leopard, snow leopard, clouded
leopard, tiger, lion);
genus caracal (Caracal African, African golden cat);
asian leopard cat genus (manul, asian cat fishing, flat-cat,
leopard cat, cat ayriomotskaya);
genus ocelot (ocelot, Maar-gis, onsilla, pampas cat,
andeanskaya cat cat Jeffrey, code-code);
buhtovyh race cats (boo-tovaya cat, African golden lynx);
kind of domestic cat (house cat, tropical-color cat,
red-spotted cat, cat dunes, the Chinese mountain cat,
little cat Blackfoot, long-haired cat ploskomordaya
INCLUDED IN THE CLASSIFICATION CATS LEAVE
There is also a serval, which is not included
in the classification of the cats leave. At first, scientists
have identified these animals as a separate species,
called servalovidnymi cats. They have a lean body structure,
long legs, thick fur, large ears, rounded at the ends.
Servals can also hide the claws in the pads.
The parameters of the body and unusual appearance serval
immediately attract attention. Compared with the body
of his legs are very long. In serval thick and coarse
hair and large ears with rounded tips. The body length
of this animal is 1.4 m. A third of this quantity is
the length of the tail.
From other members of the family cat serval different
length legs and a dark coat color.
Servals are nocturnal, like all cats, the day resting.
On the reproduction of these animals, very little is
known: the female gives birth to kittens 1 per year,
from late February to early April. Pregnancy lasts 70-76
days. Feeding calves lasts up to 8 months.
Serval can be easily tamed. If it grows in captivity,
it hardly differs from the usual cats, faithfully applies
to the owner, loves to play and snuggle.
Due to the fact that these representatives of
the cat family often make raids on housing rights and
kill livestock and poultry, with people in serval relations
are not very good. Moreover, some cultures use meat
Africa serval in the food. But the fur of this animal
is not in demand and is inexpensive.
Servals live in different parts of Africa and spread
across the continent and the characteristic yellowish-gray
mottled color resemble both lynx and the usual wild
cat, and as prey, they use the same animals. Excellent
hearing and vision allow servals to hunt birds, rodents,
antelopes. If you can not long to catch prey, servals
can eat carrion, insects, poisonous reptiles.
material books O.A. Puhovoy, "British Shorthair